/ / Bologna Cathedral: photos, description (Cattedrale di San Pietro)

Bologna Cathedral: photos, description (Cattedrale di San Pietro)

Bologna Cathedral, consecrated in honor of the Apostle Peter, one of the main attractions of the city and the Metropolitan Church of the Archbishop of Bologna. Most of the current buildings were built in the 17th century, and some part came to us from the 16th century.

In the early 11th century on the site of the Cathedral was already a Church and a chapel, built in the architectural tradition of Ravenna. In 1141 the Church burned during the terrible fire, but half a century later it was restored and consecrated by Pope Lucius III. In 1396 the Western facade was added a portico. Later, at the end of the 15th century artists from Ferrara, Francesco del Cossa and Ercole de Roberti worked to create a cycle of frescoes in the Chapel of Garganelli. Unfortunately, these frescoes were lost as a result of subsequent restoration works are preserved only fragments.

In 1575 on the orders of cardinal Gabriele Paleotti began a radical restructuring of the internal space of the Church, who by that time chair of the Archbishop of Bologna. In its unchanged form reached us only the crypt and the Cappella Maggiore. Due to large-scale renovations in 1599 collapsed Cathedral ceiling, and it was decided to rebuild the whole building. Construction began in 1605 and was completed between 1743 and 1747 years.

The building is an old chapel with a round base has never been restored, although since the 13th century and until the present day such proposals appeared regularly. Today you can see only the remains of the outer walls.

The interior of this Cathedral is designed in the Baroque style and creates a sense of grandeur and grandiosity. Here you can see the works of Ludovico caracci, Alfonso Lombardi, Cesare Mauro Trebbi. And the bell tower boasts a huge bell "La Nonna" ("grandmother" in Italian) - it weighs 3300 lbs!