/ / Great synagogue: photos, description (Tempio Maggiore di Roma)

Great synagogue: photos, description (Tempio Maggiore di Roma)

The great synagogue is the largest synagogue in Rome and one of the largest in Europe. The history of the Jewish community in Rome dates back to the 2nd century BC, when the Roman Empire had allies Judea. That's when many Jews moved to Rome. Their number grew steadily over time in connection with the development of trade in the Mediterranean region. In addition, a lot of Jews were brought to Rome as slaves after wars in Judea in 63-135 years BC

Shortly after the unification of Italy in 1870, when the Roman ghetto, including the building of the former synagogue was destroyed and all the Jews received citizenship, construction began on a new synagogue. It was conducted from 1901 to 1904 by the project of Vincenzo Costa and Osvaldo Armanni. The eclectic style of the building makes it memorable even in a city like Rome, where every building deserves attention. The landmark synagogue is the aluminium dome is the only square dome in Rome. Today you can see plaques in memory of the victims of the Nazi regime.

In 1986 Pope John Paul II made a surprise visit to the synagogue - it was a milestone, because never before in the history of the head of the Roman Catholic Church did not attend the synagogue. The visit was perceived as an attempt to improve relations between Catholicism and Judaism.

The synagogue is not only a place to perform ceremonies and prayers, but also a cultural space, it hosts exhibitions and various events. Here is the Jewish Museum.