/ / Mount Vesuvius: photos, description (Vesuvio National Park)

Mount Vesuvius: photos, description (Vesuvio National Park)

The national Park of Vesuvio, with tremendous geological and historical value, was established in 1995 year, for the protection of one of the most famous volcanoes in the world, which rises majestically above the Bay of Naples. Volcanic group Somma-Vesuvius is considered one of the most active in continental Europe and acts for the past 400 thousand years, what are they talking about lava and tuff, alternating with marine sediments in the southeastern part of the volcano at a depth of 1350 meters. And the present shape of mount Vesuvius and its surroundings is the result of his activity and other geological processes. Many of the volcanic eruption obratili the soil on its slopes, valuable minerals and made it extremely fertile, since ancient times, attracts the man who is not afraid of possible danger. Here grow apricots, peaches, and the famous little tomatoes, not to mention the delicious grapes used to make internationally recognized wines.

Vesuvius is a typical example of a volcano within the volcano, consisting of the outer cone, Monte Somma, and the inner, smaller, is actually of Vesuvius. The Northern part of the ancient crater of the Somma is well preserved, and its slopes dotted with deep gorges.

Of course, the most famous eruption of Vesuvius was something that happened in the 79th year and completely destroyed the cities of Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabia, burying them under a layer of lava and ash. Some scientists believe that this eruption, known as Liniewo, gave birth to the current cone Gran Cono. Following a catastrophic eruption occurred in 1631, the year, when it was destroyed a settlement at the foot of the volcano and killed about 40 thousand people. The last eruption was in 1944, the year the volcano monster about 21 million cubic meters of lava and ash from it reached the territory of Albania. Since then, Vesuvius has passed the stage of "sleeping" volcano, but regularly reminds himself. Research activity of Vesuvius and other volcanoes in the world engaged in Volcanological Observatory, located on the territory of the national Park in Herculaneum. This is the first in the world volcanological Observatory housed in a Hotel Eremo built in the 19th century, and can offer inspection of a small Museum with ancient scientific instruments.

The slopes of Vesuvius and Somma are very different from each other from the point of view of ecology. The soil of Vesuvius drier and its slopes in the past have been specially planted forests, in order to avoid mudslides. Today here you can find dense thickets of Mediterranean shrub. And on the more humid slopes of the Somme grows mixed forest. Only here there are about 610 species of plants, but only 18 of them are endemic. In the forests inhabited by dormice, stone Martens, foxes, rabbits and hares. The bird Kingdom is represented 100 species of birds - Buzzard, Kestrel, peregrine falcons, hawks-Sparrowhawk, hoopoe, woodpeckers and many others.

Just within the national Park of Vesuvio area 8482 acres has 13 towns, a biosphere reserve, under UNESCO protection, and forest reserve. And to get acquainted with all this natural, cultural and historical heritage, having gone into one of 9 specially created Hiking trails.