/ / Hadrian's Villa: photos, description (Villa Adriana)

Hadrian's Villa: photos, description (Villa Adriana)

Villa adriana is a huge Roman archaeological complex in Tivoli, a suburb of Rome. The Villa was built by order of Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century ad as a country residence. They say that Hadrian disliked his Palace on the Palatine hill in Rome, so the last years of his reign he spent at the Villa. His huge yard lived in the Villa permanently, and an email message were allowed to remain in regular contact with Rome, which is 29 km from Tivoli. After Hadrian's Villa served as the country residence of several emperors, but during the fall of the Roman Empire was abandoned and fell into disrepair. And in the 16th century cardinal Ippolito II d'este moved most of the marble statues of Villa possession close to the Villa d'este.

Hadrian's Villa was a complex of 30 buildings, located on an area of about 1 sq. km. Most of these structures still remains underground. The complex included palaces, several Thermae, theatre, temples, libraries, rooms for guards, servants and slaves. Adrian, who traveled widely in the construction of the Villa borrowed several architectural styles — from Greek to Egyptian. For example, his theatre is a classic example of the Ionian style, while the dome of the main building and the Corinthian arch — pure architecture of Ancient Rome. It is also known that areas of the Villa were the names of the places which were visited by the Emperor during his travels.

One of the most striking and best preserved parts of the Villa — this pool of Canopus and the artificial grotto of the Serapeum. Canopus was a city in Ancient Egypt, the Serapeum is a temple dedicated to the God Serapis. Interestingly, the architecture of the pool and the grotto has obvious Greek features such as Corinthian columns.

Another well preserved part of the Villa, the so — called "Maritime theatre". It consists of a round portico with a barrel vault. Inside there is a pool with a Central island. In antiquity the island was connected to the portico by two drawbridges. The island was a small house, atrium, library, a triclinium (Banquet hall) and small baths.

In addition, there are a whole network of underground tunnels which were used by servants to move from one structure to another. In 1998, the year the Villa was discovered the ruins of the temple, which the archaeologists believe the temple of antinoos, the favorite of Hadrian. Excavations on the site continue to this day. Among the already found works of art — marble statue of antinoos, the ancient mosaics, copies of ancient Greek statues, etc. to See these artifacts in the Vatican and Capitoline museums. The Villa adriana is a UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.