/ / Villa Il Gioiello: photos, description (Villa Il Gioiello)

Villa Il Gioiello: photos, description (Villa Il Gioiello)

Villa Il Gioiello - Zhemchuzhina - Villa in Florence, the former residence of the great scientist Galileo Galilei and is also known as Villa Galileo (not to be confused with the other houses in Costa San Giorgio and Bellosguardo). He lived on it until his death in 1642, the year.

Its name is Il Gioiello Villa got the location in the hills of Arcetri, near the old building of the Torre del Gallo. At the time Villa was a elegant structure, surrounded by many acres of land with separate house for workers. The first mention of it found in 1427, the year when the Villa was owned by Tommaso di Cristofano Ointment and his brothers. In 1525, the year the building became the property of the family of Calderini, which first began to call him the "Pearl". In the 16th century Villa and surrounding area was seriously damaged during the siege of Florence, when the entire area of Arcetri and plain Pian dei Giullari was captured by the Imperial troops. Calderini sold the Villa to the family of Cavalcanti, on whose initiative the building was rebuilt, but retains its elegant appearance.

Galileo Galilei lived in the Villa Il Gioiello since 1631, the year, and here he was serving a life house arrest imposed on him in 1633, the year. At Villa he took a visitor - Duke Ferdinando II de Medici, the painter Justus of Sustermans, the Ambassador of the Netherlands, the English poet John Milton.

For centuries after the death of Galileo, the Villa changed hands many times, including belonged to the monks of the monastery of St. Matthew. In 1778, the year on its facade there was a plate with the name of Galileo, and in 1843, the year a bust of the scientist. From 1920, the year the Villa Il Gioiello is a national monument. Today she belongs to the astronomy Department of the University of Florence.

The Villa has a U-shape with a Central patio, walled in from the street and is notable for loggias with Tuscan columns. Facing the street facade with rectangular Windows in stone frames are very simple.