/ / Villa poppaea: photos, description (Villa Poppaea)

Villa poppaea: photos, description (Villa Poppaea)

Villa poppaea is an ancient Roman Villa situated between Naples and Sorrento, in the Italian region of Campania. It is also known as Villa, Oplontis, and modern archaeologists simply call it Villa A. by Itself, it is a huge building on the site of the ancient city, Oplontis (modern Torre Annunziata). According to some historical documents, the owner was Emperor Nero and his second wife, the notorious Poppaea Sabina, used it as his summer residence outside Rome.

It is known that the Villa Poppaea was a model for many houses of the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, and its layout and decoration suggests that it was a place of rest and relaxation. Like other buildings in the area the Villa was rebuilt, perhaps after the earthquake of 62 ad, and the oldest part of the atrium dates from the mid-1st century BC During the reconstruction it was extended to the East - were built office buildings, staff quarters, large garden and organized a large swimming pool.

Due to the eruption of Vesuvius in many ancient houses including Villa Poppaea, perfectly preserved frescoes, and today their amazing colors and shapes. Many of the frescoes of the Villa is made in the so-called "second" and "third" Pompeian styles and date from 90-25-m BC for Example, in the caldarium, you can see the image of Hercules in the Garden of the Hesperides (25th BC - 40 BC), and on the East wall of the main living room - image of theatrical masks, and peacocks.

First Villa poppaea was discovered in the 18th century during the construction of the Sarno canal which passed through the Central hall of the Villa. Between 1839 and 1840-th years there were carried out archaeological work, and part of the old frescoes have suffered. At the same time were excavated the garden. Continued work on the study of the Villa only in 1964-80-m years, in particular, in this period, was discovered a huge pool with dimensions 60Ñ…17 meters. And to 1993-th year was identified the location of 13 gardens of the Villa. The southern part of the house remains hidden underground.

Next to the Villa Poppaea is another ancient building - House of Crassus of Tertius, partially excavated in 1974-91-m years. It is a simple two-storey building with many rooms that were used as manufacturing facilities and warehouses. The Villa was also discovered more than 400 amphorae, which suggests that there was a small factory for the production of wine, olive oil and other products. And in one of the rooms preserved the remains of 74 people killed during the eruption of Vesuvius, which buried the Villa under a layer of ash.