/ / Villa Romana del Casale: photos, description (Villa Romana del Casale)

Villa Romana del Casale: photos, description (Villa Romana del Casale)

Villa Romana del Casale, located a few kilometers from the town of Piazza Armerina in Sicily is a Roman Palace built in the early 4th century ad on the foundations of ancient buildings. Once it was the Central structure of a large estate and had a very ornate interior. To have survived the large and elaborate Roman mosaics in the world that adorned the rooms of the Villa. Today, Villa Romana del Casale is protected as a UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

Historians suggest that the role Villa played in the past approximately a hundred years after construction, and then long been abandoned. Around it grew a small village called Platia (from the word "palatium" - the Palace). During the reign of the Visigoths in Sicily Villa itself was destroyed, but the various outbuildings still some time used. Only in the 12th century the place was finally abandoned when the Villa was buried under a landslide came down.

Only in the early 19th century, there were found fragments of mosaics and some fragments of columns, and in 1929 held the first formal archaeological work under the guidance of Paolo Orsi. In the 1930-ies his work was continued by Giuseppe Cultrera. The last major excavations took place in 1950-1960-ies, and as a result the mosaics of the dome was erected.

Most likely, Villa was performs several functions. Some of its rooms were fully residential, others served as administrative premises and the purpose of the room remains unknown. Probably here permanently or almost constantly occupied by her owner, who from here he governed his estate. The building had one floor. In its North-Western part located baths, in North - rooms for guests and servants, and Eastern - private owners of apartments and a large Basilica.

In 1959 and 1960, archaeologist Gentili, who conducted excavations at the Villa, found on the floor of one room of mosaics depicting ten girls - it was called "girls bikini". Young girls are athletes who are engaged in Jogging, ball games, discus throwing, etc. One of them is dressed in a toga and crown, and the other holds a palm branch. Another well-preserved mosaic depicts a hunting scene with hunter and dogs.