/ / The Cascata delle Marmore: photos, description (Cascata delle Marmore)

The Cascata delle Marmore: photos, description (Cascata delle Marmore)

The Cascata delle Marmore are artificial waterfalls in Umbria, founded by the ancient Romans. The total height of its three sections, reaches a height of 165 metres, making it one of the highest waterfalls in Europe and the highest artificial waterfall in the world. And the biggest of its sections has a height of 83 meters.

Cascata delle Marmore is located 7.7 km from the town of Terni. Its source is the river Velino, which also powers a hydroelectric power plant, built in 1929. The waterfall itself falls into the valley formed by the river Nera. Interesting fact: the cascade of water "turn on" and "off" on a regular schedule in accordance with the wishes of the tourists and HPP. Tourists try to be at the waterfall in the opening of the gates to see the most exciting part of the spectacle. First sounds the alarm, and lifted the gateway, and within minutes the little stream becomes a deep river, which falls down from the dizzying height.

On specially laid trail you can climb to the top of the falls or through the tunnel to go to the observation deck - however, if you stay there during the show, to be dripping wet. A safer observation deck is located on the top - there are wonderful views of the valley of the Nera.

The river Velino flows through the highlands that surround the city of Rieti. In ancient times it had a swamp, which was a source of constant epidemics of malaria. To solve this problem in 271 BC was built a channel to divert the standing water to the cliffs near the town of Marmore. From there the water stream falling down the valley of the river Nera. However, this created another problem: in the flood period, water of Velino flooded the town of Terni. This continued for several centuries, until in 1422 at the order of Pope Gregory XII began construction of a new channel. Another channel was constructed in 1545. However, this did not solve the problem completely: Terni was free from danger, but the countryside was regularly subjected to flooding by the waters of the Nera. Only in 1787 the Cascata delle Marare acquired its modern form, thereby to control the flow of water and to avoid unpleasant consequences.