/ / Porta Palatina: a photo, a description (Porta Palatina)

Porta Palatina: a photo, a description (Porta Palatina)

Porta Palatina, the ancient city gate in Turin. In Roman times this gate was carried out and the passage to the city. Today the Porta Palatina, one of the best preserved Roman gate in the world (Dating from 1st century BC). At some distance from the gate are the ruins of the ancient theatre - together they are part of the so-called Archaeological Park, created in 2006.

The name of the Porta Palatina literally means "Palace gate" (from the Latin "Palazzo") - once near the gates stood the Palace, however, unknown which. The most reliable version States that it could be Casa del Senato (Senate House), or Palazzo di città (City Palace), the building of the city authorities. Whatever it was, for centuries, the Porta Palatina was also known under other names - Port Comitale, Port Toranica (because through the gate could get to the river Dora and the port of the Palazzo.

Porta Palatina represent a typical example of the ancient Roman gate, facing the square courtyard within the city walls. Erected on a square base, two corner towers reach more than 30 meters high and is notable for the fact that I have 16 of the side faces. The Central element of the gate - interferry has about 20 meters in length and two rows of Windows. The bottom row consists of arched Windows, the top of the spandrel arches. At the gate there are four entrances: the Central - the largest and passable for transport, side - significantly already and are walking. Near the gates of the preserved part of the sentry-box, built during the Roman Empire. A pair of bronze statues of the emperors Augustus and Julius Caesar are not original but only copies made during restoration in 1934.

Interestingly, in the early 18th-century Porta Palatina wanted to dismantle in accordance with the process of urban renewal, begun by Duke Vittorio Amedeo II. But those plans went awry thanks to the intervention of the architect and the engineer Antonio Bertola, who persuaded the Duke to keep a sample of ancient architecture.

In 2006 began the restoration of the archaeological area, where the corner tower of the Porta Palatina will be available to the public, and will be built underground Parking.