/ / Porta Palio: photos, description (Porta Palio)

Porta Palio: photos, description (Porta Palio)

Porta Palio, which translated from Italian means "gateway arena", is a relatively young gate, built in Verona in the mid-16th century by the architect Michele Sanmicheli on behalf of the Venetian Republic. Sanmicheli also was the author of the Porta Nuova.

Porta Palio was part of the fortifications of the city, although in reality never carried out any military functions. The name of the gate comes from the city of stadium - area for horse competitions, on the spot where they were built. Previously, there were Porta San Massimo, built in the middle ages by order of Cangrande della Scala. There is also evidence that originally the gate was called Porta Stupa.

Interesting places Porta Palio is the fact that the gates have different facades: the one facing the town, consists of one arch and lined with Rusticus, and facing the road is designed in classic style and consists of five arches, forming a covered gallery. The gates themselves are between the Bastion of St. Bernardino and a Bastion of the Holy spirit, a little closer to the first. The rectangular base is a large arched doorway leading to behind a cloister, and two small lateral arches. The building has two floors: on the top once placed inside of guard guard. Veneer external façade with Doric half-columns made of polished local tuff and rostkovogo stone. The inner façade forms a covered gallery big orders (columns capture both floors), consisting of 6 arches, supported by monumental pillars. The gate was fitted with a wooden suspension bridges that have fallen on the stone bridge that crossed the moat.

Porta Palio, until the end of the 18th century considered a masterpiece of military architecture, wrote about them in numerous thematic treatises on how wonderful sample of the city gates. Giorgio Vasari described them as "new, extravagant and beautiful." Using these gate Sanmicheli wanted to highlight the entrance to Verona with Potamianou road - one of the main thoroughfares in Italy since Roman times.