/ / Porta Soprana: photo description (Porta Soprana)

Porta Soprana: photo description (Porta Soprana)

Porta Soprana some time served as the main gateway to Genoa. Today it is one of the most well-preserved medieval stone buildings, located at the top of the hill piano di Sant Andrea near the historic centre of Rawicki - old city quarter. Nearby is the house-Museum of Christopher Columbus, the most famous native of Genoa. Both towers of the Port of Cefalù and the Columbus Museum open to the public.

The historic gate was "absorbed" by the construction boom that erupted in the city in the early 14th century: under the arch of the Port of Cefalù between the two towers was built one-storey house in which lived the son of Samson, the executioner who beheaded French king Louis XVI during the revolution. In the 19th century the house was built on another floor.

In the same 19th century both towers of the Port of Cefalù was adapted for prison, as well as the nearby monastery of Sant'andrea. Prisoners and guards lived in the same room. In about 1890 the gates, the bastions of which had already disappeared from the battlements, was restored by the architect Alfredo d ' Andrade, head of the Directorate of fine Arts. With his participation was also restored the North tower of the Port of Cefalù and arch overlooking the Central passage. Capitals of columns were augmented with sculptures of eagles in the Romanesque style. South tower up to 1930-ies was within the boundaries of a residential building, and later restored under the leadership of Orlando Grosso.