/ / Mount Etna: photo description (Etna)

Mount Etna: photo description (Etna)

Etna - an active volcano on the East coast of Sicily, the highest active in Europe. In addition, it is the highest mountain in Italy South of the Alps. The total area of the Etna - 1250 sq. km In the vicinity of the volcano are the cities of Messina and Catania, who have repeatedly been victims of its eruptions.

The activity of Etna is due to its location at the junction of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates, where are other active volcanoes in Italy - Stromboli, Vesuvius, Vulcano. From 15 to 35 thousand years ago the eruption of mount Etna was explosive and left behind extensive layers of lava, and the traces of ash from those eruptions and can be seen today on the site of modern Rome. In the first decade of the 21st century Etna has erupted about 10 times, though, fortunately, human victims were not.

According to scientists, volcanologists Etna has between 200 and 400 lateral craters, and every three months one of them is spewing lava. And every 150 years there are large eruptions, destroying towns, many of which lie on the slopes of the volcano. Despite the constant danger, the Sicilians since time immemorial to settle on the fertile soil of mount Etna - is growing fruits, olives, grapes. In addition, the volcano is the hero of many local legends and stories. According to one legend, the goddess Athena in battle with giants crushed the immortal Enchilada with Etna, and he's still trying to break free - so the ancient inhabitants of Sicily, explained the volcano's activity. According to another similar version inside Etna languishing chained to the walls the giants who got here all the same gods of Olympus.

In 1981 the territory of Etna has been included in the national Park, and the UN recognized it as a Volcano of the decade. This mountain is a must visit for any tourist itinerary in Sicily. To climb it from any side, but the most popular and accessible trails in the southern, Eastern and Northern slopes. The southern route begins in the town of Catania, from where a bus takes tourists to the base of Rifugio Sapienza. From the base you need to go to the town of La Montagnola, located at a height of 2.5 thousand meters. You can get there by funicular or on a specially equipped SUV. The Eastern route passes through the village of Zafferana Etnea and also ends in Rifugio Sapienza. Finally, the North route through the towns of Piedimonte Etneo and Linguaglossa and piano leads to the base of Provenzano. Climb to the top you can own, but it is worth considering that accurate maps of Etna does not exist, the terrain changes after each eruption.