/ / Uffizi gallery: photo description (Uffizi Gallery)

Uffizi gallery: photo description (Uffizi Gallery)

The Uffizi is one of the most famous art galleries in the world. Here are a vast panorama of the various schools of painting. This Florentine school and the Venetian and other Italian schools, as well as a rich collection of Flemish paintings from the famous series of self-portraits. In addition to paintings the gallery has halls devoted to ancient sculpture, the halls, and tapestries.

The Museum building

The building of the Uffizi gallery was built by the architect Giorgio Vasari by order of the Medici family and was originally intended for administrative purposes. Construction was begun in 1560 and ended 20 years later.

The building consists of two buildings with balconies on the lower floor. In depth of both buildings are connected by a third body with a huge arcade, overlooking the embankment of the river Arno. At the bottom, on both sides of the Central courtyard into a powerful pylons formed niches, which contained statues of the XIX century, depicting the famous figures of Tuscany. The second floor is cut huge Windows, and the third is a large loggia. In addition to the Art gallery occupies the top floor of the building hosts the State archives, which holds rare documents on the history of the city and the Cabinet of drawings and prints, which presents a unique collection that was started in the XVII century on the initiative of cardinal Leopold de Medici.

Since 1737, the Museum became the property of the people, after Anna Maria Luisa - the last representative of the Medici family, gave it as a gift to the city.

The Museum collection is located on the top floor of the building. Greek and Roman sculptures are exhibited in the spacious corridors. Paintings hang in chronological order, which allows to trace the development of Florentine art from the Byzantine era to the High Renaissance and beyond.

Collection of the Uffizi gallery

The Uffizi gallery is known for the most complete collection of paintings of all periods of the Italian Renaissance, famous painting, painted for the high altar, the "Ognissanti Madonna" reformer of the Church painting of Giotto di Bondone, presented in hall 2. One of the few works on wood - "the Coronation of Mary by fra Angelico (John of Fiesole), a Florentine monk-masters of fresco paintings, continues the exposition of the early period of Renessanas.

In the 8th hall of the Maestro Filippo Lippi, you see the "Madonna and child with an Angel", written from the artist's lover, "Carovana Mary" - portrait of the master in the way of the monk. These paintings differ significantly from the works of predecessors in vividness of images and palettes.

10-14 halls dedicated to the works of Sandro Botticelli. Widely known painting "the Birth of Venus" and "Spring," written for Lorenzo de ' Medici, full of symbolism and innovations of the time. For example, sink, signifying fertility, was moved by Botticelli in the Church's symbolism as a sign of purity and the covers of Venus - a characteristic shade of the ritual of the skin. Golden fruit in spring garden - heraldic symbols of the Medici family. The artist used the new technology of paints and protective coatings to paintings, so the paintings have survived in good condition.

The great Leonardo da Vinci on the 15 th hall. An early work of Leonardo - "the Annunciation" was created in 1472-1475 years in the workshop and under the guidance of a teacher, Verrocchio. It is believed that brushes da Vinci belongs to the angel blesses Mary. Also the work of Leonardo da Vinci - blond angel with paintings of Andrea Verrocchio's "Baptism of Christ" refers to the period of apprenticeship. Unfinished work "the adoration of the Magi, commissioned for the convent of San Donato in Scopeto, was left by the master, in connection with the transfer from Florence to Milan. Amid the ruins of a pagan temple depicts the virgin Mary with the infant surrounded by wise men bowing respectfully. The Central part of the painting, executed in oil on wood, left free, creating for the viewer the effect of participation in action.

"The Holy family" - the only work of Michelangelo Buonarroti, fully finished and preserved to the present day, presented in the 25th hall of the gallery. The young Michelangelo made-to-order Bridal Agnolo and Maddalena Doni in the form of a circular pattern in the technique cangiante transmission schedule of telephone sculpted In rich palette of paintings is a tendency of future colour solutions painting the Sistine chapel.

In numerous rooms of the Uffizi gallery to see the unique work of Ambrogio and Piero Lorenzetti, Simone Martini, "the adoration of the Magi" work of Lorenzo Monaco, Gentile Yes Fabiano and Sandro Botticelli, the works of Pietro and Antonio del Specialist, "Venus of Urbino" by Titian, and the masterpieces of Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Cimabue and many others.

Be sure to visit the sculpture corridor dedicated to the Medici family, consider ancient Greek and Roman sculptures of the rulers and mythical creatures.

Separate halls dedicated to foreign art: German painting (among other works of Albrecht dürer), Spanish (El Greco, Goya, velázquez), French paintings (Lorrain, Charles Le Bret), Flemish painting (Rubens, van Dyck, Rembrandt). On the ground floor you can see the remains of the ancient Church, destroyed during the construction of the gallery.

Between halls 25 and 34 there is a wooden door leading to the continuation of the Museum, this corridor accommodate about 700 paintings.

Separately you might be interested in the collection of self portraits of Russian and European artists Kustodiev, Aivazovsky, Ivanov, Kiprensky, specially collected for the Uffizi gallery.

Note

  • Location: Piazzale degli Uffizi 6, Florence
  • Official website: http://www.uffizi.beniculturali.it/
  • Opening hours: daily, except Mondays, in summer from 8.30 to 22.00, in winter from 8.30 to 19.00. On Sunday, the Museum closes at 14:00.
  • Tickets: ticket price - 7 EUR.