/ / Gorizia: photo description (Gorizia)

Gorizia: photo description (Gorizia)

Gorizia is a cozy picturesque village, located 70 km from the resort of Lignano on the Adriatic coast of Italy. According to the last census, there are about 36 thousand people.

In Gorizia come to enjoy the unique atmosphere of a border town: in Piazza Transalpina, up to 2004, the year separated by a wall, you can literally have one foot to stand in Italy and the other in Slovenia. This city is the meeting place of two worlds, the Latin and Slavic - with their different cultures and traditions, but United by one earth. In addition, Gorizia is part Collina - one of the best wine regions of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

The first traces of settlements on the territory of modern Gorizia date back to the 1st century BC, however, the city is first mentioned only in the 1001st year. Between the 13th and 14th centuries the town reached its greatest prosperity, when there was a County of Padua and Treviso. However, in the first half of the 15th century Gorizia is part of the Venetian Republic, and some time later passed into the possession of Maximilian I of Habsburg. From then until 1918, the city remained the property of the Habsburg dynasty.

During the First World war, Gorizia was occupied by Italian troops, and during the fascist regime the city was rebuilt and provided with new roads and industrial areas. And then, in the mid 1920's, started a policy of denationalization of the Slavic minorities of Gorizia.

During the Second World war, after 1943, the year Italy surrendered, the territory of Gorizia was scene of resistance to the Nazis. At the end of the military conflict on the peace Treaty, the municipality was obliged to pass three-fifths of its territory, inhabited by 15% of the population of Yugoslavia. However, the old part of the city and most of the residential areas remained part of Italy.

Later Gorizia was often compared with Berlin - it is the same as the German capital, was divided by a wall with guard towers and machine guns. Today on the Piazza Transalpina in place of the walls you can see mosaics and plaques. With the accession of Slovenia to the Schengen agreement in 2001, the year of Gorizia and Nova Gorizia (Slovenian part of the city) no longer have borders.

Of course, the history of the city attracts thousands of tourists. Here they can enjoy numerous sights such as the castle, which towers on the hill. From the castle you can go down to the Palazzo, Venetian and Palazzo della Provincia. Under a covered gallery connecting the two buildings, are visible the part of the military garrison of the Middle ages - kitchen with tables, cupboards, Cutlery, chairs, etc. Nearby is the Cathedral of Sant'ilario of Aquileia and di San Tiziano. Also in Gorizia worth seeing the Church of Sant Ignazio, the synagogue of the 18th century and the Church of San Rocco of the 15th century.

Numerous parks give residents and visitors opportunities for recreation and unity with nature. The most popular are the Park of the castle and the Park of Valle di Corno, lying along the river Corno.