/ / Municipal Archaeological Museum of Bologna: photo description (Il Museo Civico Archeologico)

Municipal Archaeological Museum of Bologna: photo description (Il Museo Civico Archeologico)

Municipal Archaeological Museum of Bologna is the Palazzo Galvani, close to Piazza Maggiore, built in the 15th century. In the late 19th century, it has undergone extensive restoration work, after which, in 1881, it was converted into a city Museum. Here were transported valuable historical exhibits presented the Bologna University various well-wishers, including private individuals. Among the patrons were very well-known people - for example, Pope Benedict XIV, a native of Bologna. Today 18 rooms comprising the Museum, 12 dedicated to archaeology. In them are stored the most ancient findings, indicate that people had settled in the area of Bologna already in Paleolithic times.

Most of these finds were made by chance in areas of excavation work in the late 19th - early 20th centuries. A significant role in the development of archaeology as a science in Italy has played a prominent scientists of that time - Giuseppe Clerici, Luigi Pigorini and Pellegrini Strobel: they found a lot of historic graves, which in turn created a public interest and inspired the next generation of scientists to carry out works. In the basement of the Museum since 1994 are exhibits of the Egyptian collection - one of the largest and most significant outside Egypt. Here you can see bas-reliefs, dated to 1332 BC, vases, coins, medals, funerary Stela, decorated wooden coffins and bronze sculptures. Not to mention the beautiful death mask of various Egyptian pharaohs, which are more than 3.5 thousand years!

On the first floor of the Museum are tombstones of the times of the Roman Empire - they date from the mid 1st century BC - 2nd century ad On some you can see portraits of the noble families of the era - Cornelli, Lennie, Purvi. There are tombstones with Greek, Christian and Coptic inscriptions. The latter was discovered near Bologna in 1894.

Constant visitors of the Museum is the collection of antiquities from the era of the Etruscans - 9-8 centuries BC In Etruscan graves were found terracotta and bronze funeral urns with amazing ornament, ornaments, pottery and weapons.

Finally, there is the extensive collection of plaster casts of world-famous Greek and Roman sculptures.