/ / The Palace the castle of Moncalieri: photo description (Moncalieri Castello)

The Palace the castle of Moncalieri: photo description (Moncalieri Castello)

The castle of Moncalieri is a Palace in the town of Moncalieri in the province of Turin (Italian Piedmont region). Along with other Royal residences of the Savoy dynasty in 1997, the year inscribed in the UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site by UNESCO.

The first building on this site was a fortress built on a hill approximately 1,100 th year on the orders of Tom Zavoiskogo. The main task of the fortress was controlling the southern approach to Turin. In the mid-17th century Yolanda of Valois, wife of Duke Amadeus IX, turned the building into a charming country residence. By the architect Carlo di Castellamonte, the fortress was expanded considerably, and the interiors redesigned by local artists.

In this castle hosted the wedding of Maria Victoria Francesca of Savoy and Prince of Carignano. Here, in 1781, the year Maria Carolina of Savoy married Anton of Saxony. Saw the castle and sad days in 1785, the year here died Marie Antoinette Spanish, wife of Victor Amadeus III, king of Sardinia. The king followed his wife ten years later.

Representatives of the Savoy dynasty was very fond of the castle of Moncalieri and willingly used it. In 1798, the year it was the first castle occupied by the French army of Napoleon. The French held it until 1814, the year. Later, the king of Sardinia, Victor Emmanuel I gave the castle to his nephew Karl albert, Prince of Carignano, who turned it into a family home - there took place the training of the young Dukes and duchesses. And the king Victor Emmanuel II even prefer this castle to the Royal Palace Palazzo Reale in Turin. On his orders in the castle of Moncalieri was a personal apartment. From 1921, the year the castle of Moncalieri is the headquarters of the 1st battalion of the carabinieri, but the historical premises of the castle are free to explore.

Today the castle of Moncalieri is a building in the shape of a horseshoe facing South, with four massive square towers at the corners. The wings have five storeys with strong buttresses. Two smaller sections are located along the side and form two courtyards. The South facade is notable for the Italian garden and two small cylindrical tower is all that remains of the castle of the 15th century. On the North side is also home to the Belvedere.