/ / The Reggia di Caserta: photo description (Reggia di Caserta)

The Reggia di Caserta: photo description (Reggia di Caserta)

Reggia di Caserta is a luxurious, breathtaking in its size and decoration of the Royal Palace, located in Caserta. Once the residence of king of Naples, consisting of 1200 rooms, was considered the largest building in Europe. Its construction was caused not only by considerations of international prestige, but also the fact that the main Royal residence on the shore of the Bay of Naples was a easy prey when attacked from the sea.

For the construction of the Reggia di Caserta was invited by the architect Luigi Vanvitelli, who took a sample of the Paris-Versailles and the Royal Palace in Madrid. Construction began in 1752, the year by order of the king of Naples Charles VII and lasted nearly 30 years! While the surrounding landscape has been completely changed, and the case was postponed to 10 km. Interestingly, he Charles VII held at the Palace every day, as in 1759, the year he abdicated. Did not see the completion of the construction works and Vanvitelli - he died in 1773, and was invited by his son, Carlo.

The Palace was built the Church and court theatre (on the model of the Neapolitan theatre San Carlo), but the plans of the University and the library have not been implemented. Remained only on paper and project the 20-kilometer driveway of the alley. But around the Reggia di Caserta was defeated a huge English garden, the largest in Italy (with an area of about 120 ha). It stretches for 3.2 km in length. Among its lawns and groves, you can meet fountains, sculptures, artificial ponds, the enormous aqueduct of Vanvitelli and even a silk manufactory with houses of the workers, who are disguised as garden pavilions.

Reggia di Caserta is a rectangular building the size of 247Ñ…184 meter with four courtyards, each of which has an area of almost 4 thousand square meters Of the 1200 rooms of the Palace - 40 huge halls completely painted with frescoes. For comparison, in the Versailles rooms only 22.

I must say that at the end of the 18th century, when the Palace was completed, the fashion at Versailles was already past, and architects repeatedly accused of extravagance and megalomania. However, in our time, in 1997-m to year, Reggia di Caserta was taken under protection as a UNESCO world Cultural Heritage site with the phrase "Swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque". Its territory has passed through the shooting of Italian and Hollywood films, including such world famous as "Star wars," "Mission impossible", "the da Vinci Code", "Angels and Demons".