/ / Giudecca: photos, description (Giudecca)

Giudecca: photos, description (Giudecca)

Giudecca is a long narrow island in the shape of fish bones, is located to the South of Venice. Its name comes either from the Jews ("Judith"), who settled here in the Middle ages, or from convicted aristocrats ("giudicati") who were exiled here in the 9th century.

For most of its history, Giudecca developed independently from Venice, and still many of its inhabitants prefer to call themselves judicatam, not the Venetians. Once on the island there were seven monasteries in which could shelter the homeless and runaways, " one of them was the great Michelangelo, expelled from Florence in 1529, the year. Later Giudecca became popular among Venetian merchants, who built their residences here. In the 18th century the island was broken numerous gardens and parks, many of which are rented out for parties. Party, I must say, was quite controversial - with the drinking and the orgies, and eventually the island began to enjoy a bad reputation.

At the end of the 19th century, the public areas have been subjected to industrialization in the place of gardens and monasteries (of which only two have survived) was paved narrow streets, built houses, literally stuck to each other, and numerous factories. Many of these plants are closed now, and most of the public areas is in a very bad way. Nevertheless, here is constantly visited by tourists, who are attracted by the majestic Church built by Andrea Palladio.

Perhaps the most famous of these churches is the Redentore, built in gratitude for saving the island's inhabitants from the plague, which, in 1576, the year claimed a third of the population of Venice. The huge dome of this Church is crowned by a statue of Christ the Redeemer, and the main attraction of the facade is its classical pediment. This is typically the "Palladian" element has been played in many buildings of Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries. The main entrance to the temple is via a huge staircase, on which the eyes of the statues of saints Mark and Francis, made in full growth. Every third Sunday of July through the narrow Strait between the Venetian waterfront Zattere and Giudecca set the pontoon bridge on which the moving religious procession.

Another creation of Palladio on Giudecca is the Church of Santa Maria della Presentazione, known as the Church preach, for once in her convent single women were trained in the art of spinning. Finally, noteworthy is the Church of Santa Eufemia - medieval building in Veneto-Byzantine style with Doric portico, built in 1597 year.