/ / The ancient salt mines of Sicily: photos, description (s Sicily'salt pans)

The ancient salt mines of Sicily: photos, description (s Sicily'salt pans)

The ancient salt mines of Sicily - an area comprising the nature reserve of the Stagnone Archipelago" area of 2 thousand hectares and the Saltpans of Trapani and Paceco. There are many lagoons and lowland marches with standing water depth from 50 cm to 2 meters. The archipelago consists of 4 Islands: San Pantaleo (Mozia), Isola Grande, Scola, Santa Maria and administratively subordinated Marsala. And the coastline from Torre Pacheco between Nubia and Salina Grande belongs to the province of Trapani.

The lagoon was formed as a result of underwater currents, which provoked the movement of sand, relatively recently - during the Phoenician colonization of Mochi they did not exist. Access to water in the lagoon was very scarce, causing water to stagnate, and its temperature increased. That is why it began to produce salt - production in some places has not ceased to this day. The method of extraction of salt was very simple: in small ponds on a specially constructed channels was fed sea water that dries in the sun, and it only remained to collect the formed salt. Water was pumped using windmills, some of which can be seen today - they have been restored. Salt was extremely important to the process of food storage, so the Western coast of Sicily with its salt mines played a key role in the daily lives of people throughout Europe. Salt production reached its peak just after the unification of Italy in 1860 - 31 then, the centre has issued more than 100 thousand tons of salt annually. Exported throughout Europe and even in Russia.

The road from Trapani to Marsala is mill Mulino Maria Stella, where you can obtain information about the nature reserve the archipelago of the Stagnone". The main attraction of the protected area - flocks of migrating birds, such as herons and flamingos that stop there on their way to Africa. In addition, the reserve you can visit the old windmills (by prior agreement), the salt Museum near the village of Torre Nubia and the ruins and the necropolis of the island of Mozia, where once was located the ancient Phoenician city. There has been preserved the remains of an old aircraft hangar that was used during the Second World war.