/ / The castle of Villar Dora: photo, description Castello di Villar Dora)

The castle of Villar Dora: photo, description Castello di Villar Dora)

The castle of Villar Dora, a medieval feudal residence located on a small rocky ledge in the eponymous hamlet. This is one of the most well preserved castles of the Italian Val di Susa. Already in the first centuries of our era on the site where today stands the castle, there was a small settlement and the finds of Roman period oil lamps and vessels for incense) made in the 19th century. In 1287, the year be the first documentary mention of the building which was known as Castrum Villaris Alexei. It consisted of three towers connected by a stone wall built by special technology, its fragments can still be seen today.

The strategically advantageous location of the castle of Villar Dora made it the theatre of action, and some historical events. They say that at the foot of the castle hill was one of the decisive battles between Constantine and Massenzio for possession of Susa. Later there were battles with the Franks and the Lombards.

Between mid-14th and mid-15th centuries, the castle on the initiative of local feudal family Provana was rebuilt in the Gothic style - then some of the older buildings were demolished and in their place built a new. The South-Western part became the Central area of the castle: it consisted of three buildings - Paladium (old South tower), the cylindrical tower and the wing of Marguerite De Notaris. In the 17th century on the site of the North fortress tower was built the so-called CA ' Bianca - the White House, but in 1691, the year he, along with the "gun room" was destroyed by French troops. And in the 19th century a garden was laid out, supported by some powerful arcades.

In the first decade of the 20th century on the initiative of count Antonielli d'oulx in the castle were commenced extensive restoration work, during which the Central part of the castle was returned to its original medieval appearance. Among the fulfilled work, removal of the surface layer of the 17th-19th centuries, the restoration of the Venetian Windows and a thorough reconstruction of architectural elements that were lost in the past.

Today the castle of Villar Dora is still in the ownership of the counts Antonielli d'oulx and used as a private residence.