/ / The Castello Visconteo: photos, description (Castello Visconteo)

The Castello Visconteo: photos, description (Castello Visconteo)

The Castello Visconteo was built in Pavia in 1360-ies by order of Duke Galeazzo II Visconti, soon after he captured the previously independent municipality. The author of the project was the trusted architect of the Duke Bartolino da Novara. The castle served as the main residence of the Visconti family, while the political capital of the Duchy of Milan remained. To the North of the Castello was a spacious Park, in which territory was located the Certosa di Pavia, founded in the late 14th century as the burial vault of members of a powerful clan. In the same Park in 1525, the year happened the Battle of Pavia.

The history of the Foundation of the lock. In 1354, the year died Archbishop Giovanni Visconti, whose heirs were his nephews Matteo II, Galeazzo I the Barnabas. A year later Matteo died, and his two brothers divided between Pavia: Barnabas received the Eastern lands of Pavia and the territory East of Milan, Galeazzo - West. The residence of Barnabas was in CA’ di Caen, near the Roman gate and the Church of San Giovanni in Conca, and Galeazzo settled in Palazzo Arengo near the Cathedral of Pavia. It was then built the Castello di Porta Giovia, which originally was a defensive fortress for the medieval city walls.

In 1392, the year of Gian Galeazzo, son of Galeazzo II built a small fortress, which was the courtyard of the castle was used as barracks for mercenary troops. Between the two wings of the castle were built the moat, filled with water. And yet, this castle served as a prison - here languished in captivity the same Barnabas is captured by his own nephew Gian Galeazzo.

Last of the Visconti, Filippo Maria, built between the two parts of the Castello bridge and ordered to plant a garden. In those years, the castle is considered one of the biggest possessions of the Visconti family (he was the size of 180Ñ…180 meters perimeter), was converted into a residence, where Filippo Maria lived alone until his death. Today, the Castello Visconteo are the City Museum of Pavia, Pinacoteca Malaspina, and the surrounding Park became a favorite place of rest.