/ / The Castello di Gran: photo, description Castello di Graines)

The Castello di Gran: photo, description Castello di Graines)

The Castello di Gran is located near the homonymous village, which is part of the municipality of Brusson in the Italian region of Val d'aosta. It occupies the summit of a rocky outcrop which dominates the Brusson and most of the Val d Ayas. In the Middle ages a message from the castle was carried out by using the check boxes or mirrors of the nearby Torre di Bono and Castello di Villa in the town of Challand Saint-Victor. Today many tourists are attracted to Castello di Gran not only its architecture and cultural heritage, but also a legend of buried in its bowels the treasures.

Fief of Gren appears in historical documents from 515, the year when king Sigismund of Burgundy gave his newly created Swiss Abbey of San Maurizio. Probably it was the monks of the Abbey in the 11th century and built a castle with a Romanesque chapel, which survived until our days. In 1263, the year the Abbey sold the castle to a faithful vassal of Savoy godefroid de Challans, the family which owned the Castello di Gran until the 18th century. This castle was the stronghold of Katharina di Challans in its struggle for the family inheritance. When in the 19th century the genus Challans ceased, the castle became the property of the family d Intrav, which later sold it to the commune of Brusson. And in the beginning of the 20th century, the medieval structure was carefully restored Alfredo d ' Andrade and Giuseppe Giacosa.

In its form Castello di Gran is a typical early medieval castle of Val d'aosta. He was once surrounded by defensive walls dimensions 80x50 meters and had a number of different structures like a huge donjon and a small chapel, which has reached our days. Side of the donjon is a square tower was the size of more than 5.5 metres in length. He served as the main tower of the castle and the residence of the caretaker. The entrance was at the height of 5 meters above the ground, and get inside only by means of a ladder, which was removed in case of siege. Later to the tower to increase was attached to a separate wing.

Noteworthy medieval and Romanesque chapel, dedicated to St. Martin. It consists of a single nave with a length of 8 meters and a semicircular apse. Unfortunately, the ceiling of the chapel at the time, collapsed and was never restored.