/ / The Castello, Colombia: photos, description Castello Colombaia)

The Castello, Colombia: photos, description Castello Colombaia)

Colossal Castello, Colombia, also known as Castello di Mare and Torre Eliade, stands on a tiny island right in front of the entrance to the port of Trapani. This is one of the best examples of military architecture in Sicily. And if the origin of the city is shrouded in legend and mystery, the same can be said about this castle, which has become one of the main attractions of Trapani. On its construction there are many stories and legends since the time of antiquity, but in reality there is no reliable document proving at least some version.

Some legends attribute the construction of the castle of Colombia to the exiles of Troy, who arrived in Trapani after the fall of their city in the 13th century BC, Other legends attribute its construction to the time of the First Punic war (mid-3rd century BC). In 249 BC, off the coast of Trapani broke a major sea battle in which the Romans were defeated by the Carthaginians. Two years later the Roman Consul Fabio Butene attacked the island of Colombia and overnight and retook it, killing all the invaders. After that, the castle fell into disrepair and became a nesting place for pigeons ("Colomba" in Italian), hence its modern name. Probably in that period it was a place of departure to the pagan cult of the goddess Venus, whose sacred animal is also considered a dove.

The Arabs used the Castello Colombaia like a beacon. In the middle ages the building was restored and acquired its current form octagonal turrets. In the 15th century it was enlarged and took on the role of fortifications during the reign of Charles V. the Last major transformations the castle underwent in the 17th century by order of don Claudio La Moraldo. The Bourbons transformed it into a prison, which contained the Sicilian patriots, participants of popular uprisings. This function Castello, Colombia performed until 1965, and then was abandoned. Only in 1980-ies there were carried out restoration work.

Now the castle with a height of 32 meters with Windows and walled balcony, and a dilapidated staircase closed to the public. Right in front of him is a small Marina. The path leading behind the main building, overlooking the yard, which are two chapels that were used as warehouses during the Second World war. Here you can see the second one, now in disrepair.