/ / The Castello Roncolo: photos, description (Castello San)

The Castello Roncolo: photos, description (Castello San)

The Castello Roncolo, also known as Runkelstein, is situated on a rocky ledge on the territory of the town of Renon near Bolzano, the capital of South Tyrol. It was built in 1237, the year the brothers Friedrich and Berala, rulers of Wangen, conveniently only with the permission of the Bishop of Trento, Ulderico. In 1274, the year the castle during the siege of the Tyrolean count Meinhard II was severely damaged and transferred to the ownership of Gottshalk Kroger. And yet a hundred years later it was bought by the brothers Nikolaus and Franz Wintery, the rich merchants of Bolzano. Nikolaus was Advisor and Treasurer of the Tyrolean count and the Austrian Duke Leopold III, which enabled him to buy and convert the castle into a family residence. By order of the brothers of Winter in Castello Roncolo was a large - scale reconstruction was built a new defensive wall, a moat, built a cistern to store water and built several new rooms. In 1390, the year construction began on the summer house, later together with the castle was painted with frescoes. By the way, these frescoes of Castello Roncolo is famous for today. They depict famous literary characters - king Arthur with his knights, Tristan and Isolde. Also adorned with frescoes the Western and Eastern palaces Vintirov. The author of these masterpieces remains unknown.

In 1407, the year between the Austrian and the Tyrolean Duke Friedrich IV, count and noble families of Tyrol conflict broke out, which soon escalated into an open confrontation. Winteri was also engaged in military action, and Runkelstein was under siege. Nikolaus had lost all his fortune and their possession, and the owner of the castle was left to his brother Franz. Later the castle was bought by the Austrian Archduke Sigismund.

Until 1530, the year Costello Roncolo was owned by the family of the Habsburgs. By order of the Emperor Maximilian I and the building was restored was restored murals and newly furnished rooms. Maximilian also initiated the placement of a family crest on the castle walls. However, in 1520, the year on the first floor of the tower exploded a powder magazine, resulting in a corrupted part of the external walls, entrance and the Eastern Palace, and the tower itself was completely destroyed. And half a century later, in 1672, the year, the fire completed the destruction of the Eastern Palace, which was never recovered.

Then, for many decades, Castello Roncolo passed from hand to hand, until in the early 19th century it was not discovered writers of romance. First a fan of the castle was German writer Johann Joseph von Herr. He was soon followed by numerous creators, held at the court of the Bavarian king Ludwig I, who made Runkelstein a symbol of its time - the period of romanticism. In 1868, the year collapsed North wall of the Summer House, and in 1882, the year the whole castle was given to the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph. By order of the Emperor the castle was completely restored and ten years later transferred to the ownership of the municipality of Bolzano. The last thorough restoration work at the Castello Roncolo was conducted in the late 1990-ies.