/ / Castel del Monte: photo description (Castel del Monte)

Castel del Monte: photo description (Castel del Monte)

Castel del Monte, whose name translates as "the castle on the hill", is in the city of Andria in the Italian region of Puglia. He bore the name of Castrum Sancta Maria del Monte because it was built on the site of the former convent of St. Mary on the Mountain. However, by the time of the erection of the castle in the mid 13th century, from the monastery there was nothing left.

The castle's construction was started by order of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and lasted for about ten years. Already in 1250, the year the powerful the building was ready, while interior finishing continued.

Having the shape of a regular octagon Castel del Monte is 16 km from the town of Andria, in a place which is called Terra di Bari - the Bari Land. The corners are constructed the same octagonal tower. The height of the castle is 25 meters, the length of the wall is 16.5 m and the width of the walls of the towers - 3.1 meters. The main entrance is located on the East side and the West have a backup portal. An interesting feature of the castle is that the two sides of the side of the tower in contact with one side of the main building.

I must say that the two-storey Castel del Monte actually is not a castle in the full sense of the word, because he has no moat, ramparts and a drawbridge. There are warehouses, stables, and a separate kitchen. Therefore, the purpose of Castel del Monte is still a matter of controversy among scientists. It is widely accepted version that the castle was a hunting residence of Emperor Frederick II. However, the most ornate interior forced scientists to argue further - it's too lush and elegant it was the decor for a hunting Lodge.

Inside the castle consists of 16 rooms, eight on each floor. The corner tower is a cloakroom, toilets and a spiral staircase, the latter not twisted to the right and to the left. Interestingly enough the location of the castle's rooms: two rooms of the first floor have exits to the courtyard. Four rooms have only one door, and passing halls to 2-3 of the portal. All rooms on the second floor throughout the year twice a day, natural light, and rooms of the first floor - only in the summer. Such a strange design suggests that Castel del Monte was a kind of astronomical instrument: the upper part is a giant sundial, and the first floor serves as a calendar, space which is uniformly covered on the summer and winter solstice. And that's another unsolved mystery of the old castle, which the locals call the "Crown of Puglia".