/ / The castle of Sant ' Angelo: photo description (Castel Sant'angelo)

The castle of Sant ' Angelo: photo description (Castel Sant'angelo)

The castle of Sant ' Angelo (Holy angel), a powerful block which still dominates the panorama of Rome, originally served as the burial place of the emperors and had been converted into a fortress in the middle ages. The castle is also called the Mausoleum of Hadrian. To connect this monument with the Champs de Mars, was built the Bridge of Sant Angelo. It consists of three large Central arches and two inclined platforms supported by three arches from the right Bank and two from the left.

Scheme for the construction of the mausoleum, included in the building of the castle of Sant-Angelo in the middle ages, remained mostly unchanged. The huge building stands on a square base, the length of each side of which is 89 meters and a height of 15 meters. On this base is mounted a cylindrical drum with a height of 21 meters, surrounded by radial walls. On top of this drum filled big dirt hill covered in trees, and its edges are the marble statues. Outside the building is lined with moonstone (a kind of marble) with plates, mounted around the entire circumference of the wall on which the names and titles of those who were buried inside the mausoleum. The burial chamber, located in the center of the massive drum, is square in shape with three rectangular niches. In this room were placed the urn containing the ashes of the emperors.

Maybe in 403, the Emperor Honorius included this building in the Bastion of the defensive wall of Aurelian. Becoming the fortress it was in the year 537 was under siege from the willing under the leadership of Mitiga. Its transformation into the castle occurred in the tenth century. Today the castle is a powerful fortress on a square base with four round towers at the corners, bearing the names of apostles : St.Matthew, St. John, St. Mark and SV.Luke. During the pontificate of Benedict IX on the base was installed a cylindrical body, repeating the scheme of construction of the mausoleum of Hadrian. Further changes were introduced into the castle during the reign of the popes Alexander VI and Julius II. At last at the top of the castle, as framing the apartments of the Pope, was built loggia.

Upstairs is a viewing terrace, over which hovers an angel, who gave the name to the castle which is on their wings, according to legend, brought the saving deliverance of Rome from a terrible plague that raged during the pontificate of Gregory the Great. Inside the castle are currently national military Museum and Museum of art.