/ / Castle Todi: photo description (Castello di Todi)

Castle Todi: photo description (Castello di Todi)

The castle of Todi, also known as Capaccio, located on a hilltop 10 miles from the town of Todi and not far from Terni, provincial capital. The castle was built in the 11th century as a watchtower, but over the centuries of its history became a full-fledged fortress.

Capaccio, was built in a strategic location - the hill on which stands the castle, overlooking the whole Tiber valley and the road via Amerina which connected Latium with Todi. Then the castle called Torre d'orlando. In the 11-13 centuries the tower was built several buildings, and it became the Fort of Castello di Todi. At the corners of the Fort were three towers, and the powerful fortified walls protected the entire territory of the fortress.

In the 13th century the town of Todi flourished and its population grew rapidly. The municipality wanted to control the surrounding territory, and therefore about 5 thousand people, started construction of the fortification complex, which included the construction of dozens of towers, fortresses and city walls. The same complex also included the castle of Todi, who played an important role in the war between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. Then the Fort was on full self-sufficiency: food for soldiers and animals were kept in the castle in large numbers, and they drank rain water, which immediately and collected. The soldiers lived in the towers, and animals under the open sky. Under the castle walls, there were several secret passages that were later discovered during restoration work. That moves the soldiers could escape in the event of the capture of the castle.

In 1348 on the Apennine Peninsula outbreak of plague, and in the middle of the 14th century, the town of Todi was in decline. For many years, the castle stood alone in the middle of a desolate area with abandoned villages. The castle, too, was abandoned - only its inhabitants were few strangers. In the 15th century it was converted into a monastery: the courtyard was erected the roof, and the interior was adapted for the Church, which he dedicated to the Holy Juliet and Quiricus. Today you can see the remains of the altar, sacristy, vaulted ceilings and capitals.

Later, in the 17th century, the monastery was abandoned and the castle became the subject of strife between some of the local rulers. In the end, the owners of Capaccio was the Landi family of Todi, but for many years it remained abandoned. In 1974 the castle was bought by the Ambassador Giuseppe Santoro, whose initiative began the first restoration work. Fortunately, Torre d'orlando, the oldest part of the castle, well preserved as the outer wall. Only the interior of the castle has been significantly restored. The works lasted for several years, after which, Capaccio regained its former splendor. In 1980 it was declared a national monument. Today it is one of the most well preserved medieval castles in all of Italy. It attracts tourists not only for its history, but many legends about ghosts that live in the walls of the ancient fortress. They say that in the chapel of the castle buried Lucrezia Lundy, who died during the plague, and her Ghost still roams through the rooms.