/ / Botanical garden Nikko

Botanical garden Nikko

In Japan there is a saying: "don't say "Kakko," has not seen Nikko" - that is, "don't talk about anything that is great until you have seen Nikko". This ancient city founded in the VIII century, with a population of about 20 thousand people, surrounded by beautiful nature. Nikko surrounding forests and mountains, lakes and rivers declared a National Park area. People also worked on augmenting beauty, creating here a Botanical garden, which contains plants of Japan and other countries.

Botanical garden Nikko covers an area of 10.5 hectares and is situated in a hilly area at an altitude of 647 metres above sea level. The garden is run by the University of Tokyo and is a branch of the Koishikawa Botanical garden, created in 1902 to study Alpine plants.

It was originally located near the toshogu, but in 1911 was moved to its present location, and in 1950 was expanded to the garden of the summer residence of the Imperial family. In the era of Taisho (1879-1926) Emperor of Nihito loved to stroll through the garden, when he spent summer time in Nikko.

Currently in the garden grow more than 2200 species of plants, including 80 species of rhododendrons, 10 species of Japanese bird cherry, over 100 species of Alpine plants - not only Japanese, but also growing in the Himalayas and Korea. For different types of natural growing conditions - bog gardens, rockeries (rock gardens), gardens of ferns.

Many plants for the Botanical garden were collected throughout the country. While planting trees and shrubs look like natural forests. Here you can see many different species of maple and cherry. For example, to grow Japan maples 24 species, 22 of them are growing in the Botanical garden Nikko. In addition, there are 10 species of wild cherry. In the flowering period and in autumn these plants attract many tourists. Admiring the red leaves of the maples - the Japanese the same tradition as the celebrations in honor of the cherry blossoms.