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Military town Karosta

Military town Karosta is a suburb in the North of Liepaja, which takes approximately 1/3 of its total area and a historic landmark. Karosta originated in the late nineteenth century.

The road to the military camp takes you through 2 bridges. The first bridge thrown over the canal, which connects the nearby the Liepaja lake and the Baltic sea. And the second axle passes through Caretsky the channel for several miles cuts into the land. Once in the depths of the channel existed docks of the Baltic fleet of the Soviet Union, and the way these were ordered a large number of citizens.

Liepaja became the main settlement during the first period of the Baltic Crusades, for the reason that her Bay would not freeze in winter. In the XIX century the city became the Foundation base of the Baltic Navy of the Russian state. Location close to Prussia was one of the most important circumstances behind the election of the city of Liepaja as a base of Navy. This military base is the last, which was founded and built by the Russian Empire.

History of Liepaja military town of Karosta has more than a century. A decree on the construction of the fortress, sea port and military town adopted Russian Tsar Alexander III in 1890. Simultaneously with the growth and development of the port has created an impressive system of FORTS along the shores of the Baltic sea. After the death of Tsar Alexander III, his son, Tsar Nicholas II, manages to call the new military port in honor of his father. In 1919, after the adoption of Latvia's independence, the port of Alexander III changes its name to Karosta, so now it's called just - war port.

The port of Alexander III was conceived as an independent object, including its infrastructure, a power plant, sewer system, Church, school and mail. Interestingly, the emails sent from liepāja to the Port of Alexander III and Vice versa, it was worth not 1 penny as ordinary messages within the city, and 3 pennies as if it was an international shipment.

Today Karosta has become an interesting tourist place in the city of Liepaja. In the former military port preserved monuments of those years. This is a drawbridge made of steel. It was built in 1906 and is still in effect. Away you can see the amazing beauty of the Orthodox Cathedral of St. Nicholas, erected in 1901. And here is a military prison, consisting of several 2-3-storey buildings of brick red. The first arrested were the men who participated in the revolution of 1905. Here they were shot. Buried, on the contrary - in the brethren cemetery. In Soviet times the building was used as a guardhouse, and later for the army of Latvia. But the latter are not caught, and it was decided to give it all on display for tourists.

The prison is now a Museum. They are open for tourists. Chambers created the atmosphere of those times, as if the detainees are: dirty mattresses, metal mugs, stools. And in the administrative compartment, you can see portraits of Lenin, state-owned metal tables, form a police escort on the rack.

Another interesting feature are the Northern FORTS. These coastal fortifications functioned very long. In 1908, they were blown up because of a peace Treaty between Russia and Germany. But after 6 years, these countries will once again become sworn enemies. And the destruction of the FORTS only undermined the position of the country. A few years will cease to exist Tsarist Russia. In the labyrinths of the Northern FORTS you can also get to wander through them by torchlight.

Now in a military town is home to around 8000 inhabitants. It can be reached from the centre of Liepaja by bus or minibus.

The Liepaja military town of Karosta - an amazing place, a unique monument not only Latvian but also world history and architecture.