/ / National Museum of history and art: photos, description (National Museum of History and Art)

National Museum of history and art: photos, description (National Museum of History and Art)

National Museum of history and art is one of the most interesting and popular attractions of Luxembourg city. The Museum is located in the historical centre of the city near wil Hout on the March-of-Poisson.

The idea of creating in the Luxembourg historical Museum was first announced in the late 18th century, when the French occupied Luxembourg became part of the Department of fauré, but it remained unrealized. In 1845 in Luxembourg, was founded "the society for the study and preservation of monuments of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg" (later "Archaeological society"), whose main objective was the collection, study and conservation of historical and artistic heritage of the country. Subsequently, the broad support for the society was provided by the Institute of the Grand Duchy, maintaining a historical Department which was eventually formally transferred to the collected by the time collection of antiquities.

In 1922, in the framework of the project "national Museum of Luxembourg, which is expected to be available to the General public and not only the artifacts collected Archaeological society, but the exhibits of the Museum of natural history, the government purchased the mansion on the March-of-Poisson. A Museum was only at the end of the Second world war.

As the years passed, the Museum's collection has grown rapidly and the available exhibition space was sorely missed. The purchase of two neighboring buildings not fundamentally changed the situation, and in 1988 it was decided on the division of the State Museum" into two separate administrative units - the natural history Museum and the national Museum of history and arts. In 1996, the natural history Museum moved, and the national Museum of history and art left on the March-AU-Poisson, and soon here the Museum was built for another building, whose opening was held in 2002.

The Museum collection is extensive and varied - variety of archaeological finds from the prehistoric period and ending with the middle ages (weapons, tools, coins, jewelry, etc.), religious artefacts, sculpture, painting, and more. Among the most valuable and interesting Museum exhibits worth noting the old astronomical clock, which was acquired for the future Museum in 1796, the work of such talented sculptors as Auguste Tremont and Lucien Vercelli, as well as paintings by Joseph Kutter, Dominique lang, eugène Mousset, etc. Facilities the Museum library has more than 25000 volumes of specialized literature.