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The ruins of the ancient stobi

Photos and description

The biggest archaeological complex in the Republic of Macedonia is the ancient city of stobi, located on three terraces sloping down towards the Black river, 80 km South of Skopje.

The city of stobi founded the tribe peony. The first mention of stobi belongs to Titus Libya. During the study of several buildings in the Central part of the archaeological area was discovered artifacts III-II centuries BC, bronze objects, the classical period and even some ceramic vessels of the Neolithic period. In the II century BC stobi was conquered by the Romans. During the reign of Octavian Augustus, the city began to expand to the West and South, as evidenced by found in the Western necropolis of the 55 tombs of the era.

Then it was consistently ruined by the Goths, Huns and Slavs. Moreover, in 518 year there was a strong earthquake. All this led to the fact that the ancient stobi were abandoned by their inhabitants at the end of VI century.

Explore the abandoned town began during the first world war. On the territory of stobi archaeologists have discovered several important ancient buildings. The Episcopal Church after many centuries of oblivion, finally revealed to the world their Grand mosaics and elaborate frescoes surviving on the walls. Roman amphitheater with stone benches were erected in the second century, and then expanded several times. Palaces Peristeri and Parthenius dated V century. The latter is particularly well preserved. Theodosia Palace was built early: it is known that here the Emperor Theodosius I, during his visit of stobi in 388. This luxury building built in the shape of the letter L and leaves their facades on three streets.