/ / Archeo-astronomical monument of kokino

Archeo-astronomical monument of kokino

Photos and description

Kokino archaeological object in North-Eastern Macedonia, where they found the remains of a megalithic astronomical Observatory. It is located on mount Tatichev stone with a height of 1030 metres. A reference for lovers of ancient monuments should be the village of Old-Nagoricane, located at the foot of the mountain.

Ancient Observatory which was created, probably in 1800 BC, was used for observations of the Sun and the Moon. It was discovered by archeologist Jovica stankovski, at the National Museum of Kumanovo, in 2001. Next year Zenev Mount physicist working at the planetarium in Skopje, established that ancient megaliths resemble an Observatory. In 2005 it was recognized by NASA. Now a historical monument Kokino is officially called the ancient astronomical observatories and claims the title of world heritage of UNESCO.

The Observatory was based on two rocky formations of different heights. Its dimensions are 90X50 m. On the lower, Western part has four stone "throne", oriented in the direction North-South. They stand in a row and is designed for observers who could watch actually an Observatory on a high platform and emerging celestial bodies. Archaeological research has shown that "thrones" has also been used for the ritual of the "Association" of the Sun-God with the local ruler, who represented God on Earth. The ritual was conducted in late July, when the sun was visible through the hole in the stone unit is installed slightly below the highest point of the Observatory. Then a ray of sunlight fell exactly on the "throne" of the ruler.

In the stones of the Observatory is 7 notches, three of which are used to determine the position of sunrise at the summer and winter solstice and autumn and spring equinoxes. Four other incisions were used for observing the Moon.