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The ruins of Tulum

Photos and description

Tulum - ancient city of the Mayan people built in the pre-Columbian era, was once the port city of Coba. Its ruins are preserved on the Eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula. Tulum, towering 12-meter cliff, is considered one of the most well-preserved Mayan cities located along the coastline.

Before Tulum had a different name - Sama, which means "city of dawn". With the Yucatec language "Tulum" means "fence" or "wall". The name of this is justified - walls erected around the city protected it from the attacks of enemy tribes.

The first of the city said American and British travelers in 1843, John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood. Later research allowed scientists to determine the approximate date of occurrence of Tulum - 1200. The city existed before the first contact with the conquistadors in the early sixteenth century. Since that time, the city gradually emptied and was completely abandoned by the end of the XVI century.

Defensive wall, with a height of three to five meters and a width of 8 meters, making Tulum one of the most protected cities of the Maya. The construction of coastal Tulum typical of the Mayan culture. To the buildings erected on pedestals, are stairs. Large house, usually supported by columns. In each room, one or two Windows, and the back wall is the altar.

Tulum has always been protected on one side by steep cliffs reaching to the sea, and on the other wall, which reaches a height of 3-5 meters. Side parts reach 170 metres in length. This defense says that the city was very important for Maya people. In the South-West and North-West, scientists have found some structures that are likely used as a watchtower. The narrow passages were from the North and South side, and the third in the Western wall. The North wall was a small cenote - a source of drinking water.

Another well-known and interesting for tourists the construction of the city is considered the Temple of the frescoes. Here each of the two floors has a small gallery. On the facades of the Church are in the niches are statues of the "Descending God".

The city is open to tourists, it is included in the list of essential attractions popular among the tourists of the Peninsula Utcan.