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Templo Mayor

Photos and description

Templo Mayor - the complex of historic buildings, sometimes referred to as the pyramid of Huitzilopochtli. With its main Spanish name translates as "big temple". Once there was located the Kingdom of the Aztecs - Tenochtitlan, now it is one of the areas of modern Mexico city.

In the height of the pyramid reached 60 meters and was the highest architectural structure at that time. At the base of the temple was 100 on 80 meters. On top of the pyramid there were two temples erected in honor of the God of sun and war Huitzilopochtli and the God of rain and fertility Tlaloc.

The construction of the Templo Mayor, the scientists presumably refers to the year 1325. In the early 16th century, the temple became the religious center for all of the Aztecs living on the territory of modern Mexico. Over time, the temple was built many small buildings, which eventually formed a historic complex. Well preserved one of the most interesting platforms leading up to the temple, it is a stand under the skull, called tzompantli.

In 1521, when here came the conquistadors, led by hernán cortés, most of the Templo Mayor and the surrounding area invaders literally razed to the ground. The lower part of the ruins was discovered 21 February 1978, during the laying of the cable. Workers stumbled upon a large stone disk with a diameter of not less than 3 metres, which had a thickness of 30 cm and a weight of over 8 tons. About the discovery was reported to the scientists who for four years conducted excavations. It was found in 13 of the destroyed buildings.

Since 1982 it has been a Museum, the ruins are also available for visitors.