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Ruins of the ancient city of Monte Alban

Photos and description

Monte Alban was once the largest pre-Columbian settlement, inhabited by Zapotecs. Its ruins are located in the Southeast of Mexico in the state of Oaxaca, whose eponymous capital is just 9 miles away. The name of the city literally translates as "white mountain".

The ceremonial center of the ancient city is located on top of a hill, which rises two thousand feet above the sea level. Apotekama were constructed hundreds of terraces, and dozens of bulk structures. These ruins are truly impressive, because they can be seen from any point of the valley of Oaxaca.

This city is considered first and foremost in all of Mesoamerica. For nearly a thousand years, he was a political and economic center of the Zapotec civilization. The city was inhabited by about 20 thousand people. Its early history scholars date to around the year 500 BC. Its decline came in the late Classic period, about 500 to 750 ad. After he was almost abandoned. Local residents were engaged in the processing of rock crystal, manufacture of gold jewelry.

The first expedition that found the city was a group of Alfonso Caso, who came here in 1932. There were started excavations. Part of what was found was left here by placing in a small Museum. Other artifacts were transported to Mexico city. Among the many pictures here were found images of people of similar appearance by the Toltecs, historians attribute this to the fact that the city was once captured by them.

Archaeological site of Monte Alban is entered in the list UNESCO cultural heritage.