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Hospital Cabañas

Photos and description

Hospicio-cabanas hospital in Guadalajara, the capital of the Mexican state of Jalisco, one of the oldest hospital complexes in Spanish America. It was founded in 1791 to provide shelter to sick and disadvantaged people, the disabled and orphans.

Erected by order of the Bishop of Guadalajara Free Antonio Alcalde, shelter combines a workhouse, hospital, orphanage, and almshouse. The name of the complex goes back to the name of Juan Ruiz de Cabañas, who arrived in the bishopric of Guadalajara in 1796, together with the local architect Manuel Tolsom developed a plan of complex.

The war for independence of Mexico, which lasted until 1821, and the death of Cabañas in 1823, was detained by construction work. Completed the construction of the only in 1829. In the 1830-ies the building was used as barracks and stables, but by 1872, in a hospital complex, there were more than 500 people.

Since 1997, the shelter - in the list of UNESCO world heritage. The harmony here to create an open and built-up space, simple design and impressive size and of course the masterpieces of painting in the local chapel, which was decorated with superb frescoes, the works of josé Clemente Orozco, one of Mexico's greatest muralists. Painting Orozco combines the motifs of the culture of the Mexican Indians and the Spanish culture.

All buildings, with the exception of the premises reserved for the kitchen, and the chapel is single storey and a height of just over 7 meters. Chapel is located in the centre, twice the rest of the buildings, and its dome rises 2.5 meters above the ground.