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The Settlement Guiengola

Photos and description

Guiengola - settlement native American Mexicans who lived on the territory of the state of Oaxaca. The ruins of the tower of the same name between hill and river. The name of the ancient city of the Zapotec dialect translates as "big stone".

Guiengola built in the postclassic period (1350 - 1521) and was a fortress, defended by the Aztecs, who failed to seize it. When the Spaniards invaded the city and evicted Zapotec conquerors never settled, the city is deserted and in ruins.

Here were found the walls of various structures, fragments of houses and fields for ball games, tombs and largest "Palace" with remains of artificial ponds and outbuildings.

The largest tomb is located in the Palace, the administrative center of the Zapotec fortress. Its camera is more than 9 metres in length and slightly less than 2 meters in width. On the sides of the Central passage, which is 1 meter in width, there are two cameras.

Today unearthed two large tombs, which are most likely a family burial. In two tombs there is a front camera, which were built for idols, and the rear camera for the burials. But there are other tombs of smaller size, they were found among the walls of the fortifications, remains of houses. In the center of the settlement once there were two pyramids in the East and the West and two squares, one below the other, one above the other.