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Cibane

Photos and description

Chetumal is the best suited for visiting various archaeological sites left by the Maya. A few dozen kilometers away are the ruins of settlements of Kohunlich, Icchabal and Tibane. The city Tibane, whose name translates from the Mayan language as "Marks on a tree", was called so not always. The ancient name of the settlement history.

The city on the territory of the modern state of Quintana Roo was founded in the first half of the fifth century B. C. Almost immediately the new settlement became the capital of the Kingdom Coolscope. In 530-560. the city grew rapidly. Most of the buildings, which are now available for inspection, were created during this period. About that time Canulae the Kingdom conquered neighbouring Motulski Kingdom. This victory was fatal to Cibane, as the rulers wished to move to a more comfortable and suitable them on the status of the city. So, in the year 630 the Royal court moved from Tibane in Calakmul. However Cibane was not abandoned, he remained the most important cultural center Coolscope Kingdom. Here took place the coronation, the wedding ceremony members of the Royal family, signing important treaties. Well fortified Tibane also served as a refuge for the entire Royal court during the attacks of the enemy.

In 740 years Cibane was headed by the representative of the lateral branch of the Royal dynasty. In the 830-ies of the town seceded from Coolscope Kingdom, although its rulers continued to call themselves masters of the Sacred Canalscene.

Tibane as an independent city-state, was able to survive Canulae Kingdom and was abandoned only in the X century. This can be seen from the inscriptions on the walls of local buildings.

To the present day in Tibane preserved main square, a number of stelae, the site with residential buildings and several temples, among which the great interest is the temple of the Owls and temple Defenders with a huge staircase.