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Volubilis

The ruins of the ancient city of Volubilis is one of the popular historical sites of Morocco. They are located at the mountain Zerhoun 30 km from Meknes city.

Volubilis is an ancient and eventful history. Even during the Neolithic in these areas was the Parking. And already in the III century BC here was situated the settlements of the ancient Phoenicians. Centuries later they were expelled by the Romans, who formed their own city of Volubilis (pervade in Latin means "generosity") who eventually became the most southwestern city in the Roman Empire and the capital of the province Mauretania Tingitana. The local edge has long been famous for fertility, in addition to agriculture, local residents also engaged in copper mining and the production of olive oil. The city grew rapidly, and soon the population reached 20 thousand people.

A large number of earthquakes gradually led the city into decline and at the end of III century the Romans left it. Four centuries later, the local land was inhabited by Arabs, Berbers, Jews, and Syrians.

At the end of article VIII Volubilis became the residence of the first ruler of Morocco, the grandson of Muhamet Idris I, but the one here is not long delayed. In the SEVENTEENTH century advisors Moulay Ismail asked him to rebuild the city. But the choice of a ruler fell on the provincial Meknes, where he was taken all the marbles and most of the columns of Volubilis.

The terrible Lisbon earthquake in 1755, the city buried under the ground, saving only the surface of the tops of the buildings, including the Basilica and a triumphal arch, which was discovered by Europeans in 1874, Mr.. Since that time these places began archaeological excavations, which have been found and reconstructed many ancient buildings.

The whole Roman neighborhoods quite well preserved under the earth, their home decorated with beautiful mosaic pictures. Also preserved small columns previously supporting the arches of the houses, and ancient fixtures for the production of olive oil and wine. Particularly interesting for tourists are the Capitol, the remains of the Forum and the triumphal arch.

In 1997, the ruins Volubilis was inscribed on the world heritage List of UNESCO.