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Archaeological and ethnographic Museum

Archaeological and ethnographic Museum is the largest Museum in Lodz, located on Freedom square. In the Museum you can see three permanent exhibitions: ethnographic, numismatic and archaeological. Currently the Museum collection comprises 230 thousand exhibits.

After gaining Poland's independence in 1918, in Lodz was created the city Museum, which had been collected the most different collections. In 1929-1930, it was decided to divide various collections by creating a new Museum. Ethnographic and archaeological collections were transferred to the municipal Museum of Ethnography, which began its activities on 1 January 1931. Thanks to the initiative and personal contacts of Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly. By the beginning of the Second world war, it numbered 14,000 exhibits, however, during the war years, a significant portion was lost.

After the war, the Museum's collection is divided between two institutions: the municipal prehistoric Museum and the Ethnographic Museum. In 1950 the Museum was nationalized and renamed into Museum of archaeology and Ethnography. The division of numismatics was created in 1948 on the initiative of Professor and Director of the Museum Conrad Lazewski. He entrusted the organization of the Department, Anatoly Gubenkova, whose passion of the collector had a huge impact on the success and prosperity of the Department. By the end of 2011, the Department of numismatics consisted of 60 thousand valuable exhibits. Here you can see the coins of Alexander the great (336-323), medieval coins, rare coins of the reign of Boleslaw with the image of St. Adalbert, one of the world's oldest banknote.

The archaeological Department of the Museum is divided into several sections: the stone age, Roman period, middle ages, new time.

The ethnographic Department is under the direction of Dr. Przemyslaw of Ovcarica, and is divided into sections: agriculture, folk costumes and textiles, urban cultures and rituals.

Since 1981, the Museum is led by Professor Richard Grugel.