/ / Betancuría

Betancuría

Betancuría is a small town in the mountainous Western part of the island of Fuerteventura. The total area of 103 sq km and is home to less than a thousand inhabitants is the most sparsely populated municipality of all the Canary Islands. The city is located 4 km West of Antigua, and 21 km southwest of Puerto del Rosario, the island's capital. Thanks to its amazing landscapes, biodiversity and historical monuments and archaeology, the territory of Betancuria and its surrounding area was declared a natural Park.

Betancuría is named after the Norman conqueror Jean de Bethencourt, who founded a settlement in 1404, the year - once it was the capital of the Kingdom of the Canary Islands, and later of the island of Fuerteventura. In 1593, the year the city was almost razed to the ground by pirates, but remained the capital of the island until the locals began to move to other places due to lack of arable land. In 1834, the year for this reason, the capital of the island was declared the town of La Oliva, and later this status was granted to Puerto del Rosario.

Betancuría lies in a picturesque valley next to a dried up stream streamed here until the 16th century. The main street is the Museum of archaeology and Ethnography, divided into three sections. The first is devoted to indigenous archaeology and demonstrates ancient idols, pottery and model of the old village of La Atalayita. The second section of paleontology acquaints with the fossil remains, and the third is devoted to Ethnography and introduces the aboriginal culture and traditions. The Museum building itself is remarkable ancient cannon standing next to him. Also located close to the center of traditional arts and crafts "Centro Insular de Artesania". Watch local craftsmen at work and buy Souvenirs in memory and in Casa Santa maría, the house of the 17th century, carefully restored in Canarian style. A local restaurant offers excellent meals and beautiful views of the city and the surrounding area.

Interesting and historical center of Betancuria which is dominated by the ancient Church who once had the status of a Cathedral. Built in Norman-Gothic style, it was destroyed by pirates and rebuilt in the 17th century, while retaining some original elements, such as the bell tower and part of the columns. Inside deserve attention, the baptistery and the Baroque altar partition and ceiling in the mudéjar style. Also interesting buildings of the San Diego temple and the Abbey Church, once part of the first in the Canary Islands the Franciscan convent of San Buenaventura. Worth a visit Museum of religious art and become a participant of the pilgrimage of peña in honor of virgin of La peña, the patron Saint of Fuerteventura. The pilgrimage takes place in September and is a celebration of folk traditions and folklore.

In addition you should definitely visit at the observation deck in the vicinity of Betancuria Mirador Morro Velosa on the way to Antigua and the Mirador Corrales de Guize at an altitude of 600 meters above sea level. The latter observation deck adorned with two giant bronze statues of the natives of the island Guide and Ayoze. In clear weather you can see the valley of El Rincon, all Betancuria and peaks of Morro Velosa, La Atalaya and Morro de La Cruz.