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Aqueduct of Segovia

Aqueduct of Segovia - the Roman aqueduct, one of the most important and well-preserved ancient buildings in the Iberian Peninsula. It is also the main symbol of Segovia, whose image is on the city arms. Since the aqueduct has not survived any inscriptions (one of them was probably once in the upper part of the structure), the exact date of its construction have long remained a mystery. It is considered that it was built in the 1st century during the reigns of the emperors Domitian, Trajan and Nerves. Unknown, by the way, remains and the origin of Segovia, once the territory of the city was inhabited by the Celtic people vaccai, which was later conquered by the ancient Romans.

The aqueduct of Segovia was once served to transport water from the river Frio, located in the mountains 17 km from the city (in the region of La Acebeda). First, water is collected in a large tank known as El Caseron (Big house), and then through special channels went to the tower of the Casa de Aguas. There it was filtering from the sand and sent further on the way to Postigo - a rocky exit, on which was built the Alcazar of Segovia. Then, at Plaza de díaz Sanz, the structure is sharply turned in the direction of Plaza Azoguejo, where he appeared in all its Majesty and splendor.

At its highest point the aqueduct of Segovia reaches 28.5 meters, of which about 6 meters account for its base. The aqueduct consists of single and double arches supported by columns. From the place where the aqueduct enters the city, and to Plaza de díaz Sanz, there are 75 single arches and 44 double arches in total - 167. In the 15th century the first section of the aqueduct was rebuilt as before, in 1072, the year, it was destroyed by the Moors. It is known that in Roman times for each of the three tallest arches were decorated with bronze letters with the name of its Builder and date of construction. To our days well preserved with two niches, one of which was once the image of Hercules, who, according to legend, was the founder of Segovia. In another niche today, you can see the image of the patroness of the city Fuencisla of the virgin Mary and St. Stephen Protomartyr. The aqueduct functioned until the mid-19th century, today it is the main architectural landmark of Segovia.