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Gamla Stan

District of Gamla Stan (literally Old town) is the historical center of Stockholm. Located on the island Stadsholmen to the 80-ies of XX century it was officially named the City between the bridges. Gamla Stan was founded in the early XIII century and consists of medieval lanes, cobbled streets and houses built in the style of North-German Gothic.

A large picturesque square in the centre of the Old town is called Stortorget. This area became the scene of the carnage, in November 1520, when Swedish noblemen were massacred by the Danish king Christian II. The subsequent revolt and civil war led to the dissolution of the Kalmar Union and the election of king Gustav I.

In addition to the Stockholm Cathedral, the Nobel Museum and Riddarholmskaya Church, Gamla Stan also boasts the Baroque-style Royal Palace. The house of nobility is situated in the North-Western corner of the Old city. The Den Gyldene Freden restaurant, located on the street Österlånggatan, was opened in 1722 and, according to the Guinness Book of world records, is the oldest existing restaurant with the same interior. The famous statue of St. George and the dragon (sculptor burnt Notes) can be found in the Church.Nicholas, while Riddarholmskaya Church is the Royal burial place. Ballonteam, small courtyard South of the main passage to the Royal Palace, home of one of the smallest statues in Sweden - the Iron boy. It was created by Liss Eriksson in 1967.

Since the mid-nineteenth century until the mid XX century Gamla Stan was considered a slum, many of its historic buildings were in disrepair, and just after the second world war, several blocks in five alleys were demolished for the expansion of the Parliament building. In the 80-ies of XX century the Old town became a tourist attraction, and the charm of its medieval and Renaissance architecture, was finally rewarded.

While the Dating of the construction of around 370 buildings in Gamla Stan is poorly documented, recent studies carried out by the volunteers, showed that many buildings that previously were assigned to the XVI-XVII centuries, may be almost 300 years older.