/ / The Abbey of St. Gallen: photo description (Fuerstabtei St. Gallen)

The Abbey of St. Gallen: photo description (Fuerstabtei St. Gallen)

The Abbey of St. Gallen has a long and fascinating history. In Medieval times the city itself was not yet - was the Abbey of St. Galla. Later around the monastery began to appear in residential districts, and formed a city called St. Gallen. The monastery was one of the largest Benedictine monasteries in Europe. In 1983, it was listed in the UNESCO list of world heritage of UNESCO with the comment "perfect example of the great monastery of the Carolingian".

Abbey asesino in honor of its founder, St. gall, a disciple of St. Columban. The monastery was founded in 613 year. In a time when the Abbot was Othmar, the monastery was founded art school. Manuscripts made Saint galenskij monks (most of whom came from Britain and Ireland), were highly valued throughout Europe.

During the reign of Abbot Waldo of Reichenau was founded a library, which is considered to this day one of the richest in Europe. It stores numerous (about 160 thousand) medieval manuscripts

C X century monastery of St. Gall and Reichenau monastery was political rivalry. By the XIII century the disputes were resolved in favor of St. Gallen and its Abbey has received recognition as independent sovereigns of the Holy Roman Empire. Later cultural and political significance of the monastery gradually decreased, and in 1712 the Abbey entered the Swiss army, forcibly taken away a large part of the monastic treasures. In 1755-1768. the construction of the Abbey was destroyed and in their place were built new buildings and churches in Baroque style.