/ / Agora


Agora was called in the Greek Polis the market square which was a place of Assembly (also called the Agora). Usually located in the city center square, was the Central market, divided into different types of products to "circles" and government agencies. Typically, the Agora was surrounded by galleries with craft shops, temples, sometimes with statues, erected around the square. It often happens that the Agora was in the projection of rectangular form, the edges have been located column. In the Agora there were many shops of different types. Very often, this area was the economic and administrative center of the city.

The Agora in side nearby side Museum. To our days it has remained only a few columns and foundations of an ancient temple.

In ancient times there were two side of the Agora (square). One of the areas still exists today. Side was a major trading center. It housed the huge slave market. Especially the Agora in side was famous for its beautiful slaves.

Preserved Agora is located in the North-West of the colonnaded streets and almost merges with the theater. The entrance is through the gates, with the name of papilion (monumental colonnaded entrance), opposite the present Museum. It is surrounded on all sides by granite columns with their pedestals order "Atik-ion", and on the tops of the warrant "Corinth". After architrave sloping roof of wood, and in the four corners of the Agora is placed pedestals with statues (Exedra).

The South-Western Exedra, merging with the stage of the theater, was a semi-circular monumental structure - toilets (Latium), covered by a barrel vault. It is only fairly preserved in Anatolia and very nicely decorated with an ancient toilet. He has twenty-four seats, its walls were covered with marble, and floor mosaics. Drainage for waste water was under the stone seat of the toilet, but in front of it is open water with fresh water, which provided clean.

Agora at the time had two entrance gates, which were closed by walls. The Agora in side and all other designs it was erected in the second century BC It was built specifically around the theater, on the recommendation of Vitruvius - a Roman architect, to the audience of the theater could take refuge in case of sudden rainfall.

Near its South-Eastern wall there was a road that extends to the second Agora of the city. Shops located at the edges of the street destroyed during the construction of the wall Filius of Atisa.

In the center of the square, having the shape of a square, you can see traces of the round temple of the goddess of fortune and chance Tikhe. She, according to legend, ruled the destiny of the city. In honor of the goddess was erected a temple a place of worship, surrounded by columns with cornices.