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Aspendos

It is believed that the ancient Aspendos was founded in the fifth century BC by colonists from Argos and the founder of the city called the prophet of the Pug. To avoid invasions from the sea, a city built at a distance of 16 km from it, on the banks of the then navigable river Eurymedon (the current name of the river - Kepru). Aspendos was part of a Maritime Confederation of Delices until 425 BC. According to the historian of those times of Strabo, the Persians put to anchor their ships before the battle against the Athenian naval Alliance, called the Delian League a Confederation. This is a fairly large commercial river port was captured by Alexander the Great in the year 333 BC. When the commander arrived in Pamphylia, the people of Aspendos convinced him not to take the city and instead offered 50 gold talents and a thousand horses. But they did not keep his promise, and Alexander invaded the city.

In the year 190 BC after the battle of Simile Aspendos became part of the Roman Empire. In this period the city reached its highest peak and among the three largest cities in Pamphylia. The rapid development of the city and its transformation into one of the largest shopping centers contributed to a mild climate and convenient location. Around Aspendos appeared olive orchards and vineyards, there minted its own silver coins. In addition, in this city you can buy great horses. The famous port and trading city was selling corn, jewelry and wine. But after this the rise and rise of the city, as well as all Asia Minor, came under the rule of the Byzantine Empire and gradually fell into disrepair. In the VII century it was promoted by the raids of the Arabs, and in the early XIII century. was conquered by the Seljuk Turks and soon ceased to exist.

Now, Aspendos is famous for its amphitheatre built in the second century and later renovated by the Seljuks. The inscriptions engraved on the stones of the buildings on Hellenic and Latin, saying that the theatre was dedicated to the family of the Emperor and built on the donations of two brothers, Crispin and Curtius Curtius Auspicate. The impressive size of the buildings allowed him to accommodate about 17 thousand spectators, and the orchestra pit was designed for 500 musicians. In the theatre the 39 steps series, length 96 meters, and the distance between them equal to half a meter. Grandstands are a beautiful arched gallery that allows viewers to remain in the shadows, attending the performances. Opposite the amphitheater is a rectangular room, in which was a changing room for actors with five doorways and a small venue for performances. The wall of that room facing the hall is decorated with two rows of Windows. The architect of the theatre, Zenon has designed it so that all spectators are equally good to hear even a whisper coming from the stage.

Theatre is the best preserved remaining ancient theatres in Turkey due to the strength of local limestone and strengthening of the Seljuks of its North wing brick walls when they converted it into a Palace. Amphitheatre in some measure bears the features of ancient Greek architecture, a semicircular shape and the seats located on the hillside. In Roman times the theatre was beautifully decorated with marble and decorated with embossed patterns and sculptures. Its luxurious galleries, the decoration of stage, ancient ornaments and great acoustics still amaze visitors. Discovered the theater was only in 1871, during one of the travels of count Landskapslag of this land. One of the most striking historical beauties of the Anatolian Peninsula, the building has become after an extensive renovation in the 1950-ies.

It regularly hosts classical music concerts, Opera and ballet performances. Its acoustics are so good that allows artists to perform without microphones. These festivals usually begin in June and want to enjoy the sight so much that one of Antalya's Aspendos come whole. On the stage and still come of the best Opera voices of the world Symphony orchestras. For example, Pink Floyd filmed a video for the music from the album "the Wall". Many concerts and shows held in the theatre until 2008, but now they are built in nearby Aspendos arena. The most popular shows is called "Fire of Anatolia" and executed the same team. The entire tourist season, you can see it several times a week at 10 PM.

The ruins of a Roman Aqueduct, remains faithful to its original height, can be seen at a distance of one kilometer from the city. In ancient times it supplied Aspendos with water. To this day it is the largest in Turkey. Its length is over 20 km.

With the history of the construction of the aqueduct and the theatre of Aspendos is an ancient legend. The king of the city was very beautiful daughter of Semiramis and to have her dreamed two architects. Then the king said that he would marry her can one of the contenders, who will build the most magnificent building in the city. The men immediately set to work and completed the construction at the same time: one of them built a theater, the other the aqueduct. Both buildings were gorgeous and loved the king. Not knowing whom to prefer, the king invited the opponents to divide the Semiramis in half. The Creator of the aqueduct has agreed to this option, but the architect chose to abandon beauties in favor of his opponent. The king realized that the noble author of the theatre he loves his daughter and will make her a wonderful husband. For this architect and married Semiramis.

Usually after a tour of the theatre guides conduct a walk through the ruins of the city. Some of these amazing and original structures still preserved and makes a unique impression. All remains still belong to the Roman period. From the North side of the theatre you can see a very well preserved stadium. Between the theatre and stadium noticeable path leading to the Acropolis. Sign in through the East gate, one of the three gates of the city. Here you will see part of the Basilica, from which remained only the Foundation. To the right of these buildings is a small fountain, which is preserved only the front part. A massive building, found on the road to the theatre from the river Eurymedon, was once the gymnasium and the baths.

If you walk on to the controller Koprucay river, on the opposite Bank of the river you will notice a lot of restaurants. They mostly cater to tourists and have a varied and rich menu. Here you should definitely taste the meat, chicken or fish roast. A little further afield, places for picnics, equipped with tables and stoves.